FX Excursions

FX Excursions offers the chance for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in destinations around the world.

Measles

Nov 1, 2013
2013 / November 2013

Despite the availability of a safe, inexpensive and effective vaccine, measles remains the leading cause of death among young children globally. Each year, measles infects 20 million people worldwide. In 2011, there were 158,000 measles deaths globally — 430 a day, or 18 deaths every hour. Most were children younger than 5, and more than half of the deaths occurred in India. About 95 percent of measles deaths occur in low-income countries without vaccination programs.

Measles is common in Europe, Asia, the Pacific, Africa and the Americas, usually occurring in late winter and spring. An aggressive vaccination program almost eliminated measles in the United States; most outbreaks now result from international travel. This year, the number of U.S. measles cases more than doubled. As of Aug. 24, 139 cases were reported; about 26 percent of these people got measles abroad and brought it home, resulting in outbreaks in U.S. communities including Fort Worth, Texas, and Portland, Ore.

Measles is a highly contagious, serious respiratory disease caused by a virus. It is the most deadly of all childhood rash/fever illnesses. The measles virus normally grows in the cells in the back of the throat and lungs. It is spread by breathing, coughing or sneezing; droplets spray into the air and remain contagious on surfaces for up to two hours.

Those at risk for measles are children and adults who never received the measles vaccine; infants too young to receive the vaccine (less than 1 year); people with weakened immune systems, even if vaccinated; and adults born in 1957 or later who are not known to be immune to measles.

Symptoms generally begin seven to 14 days after infection and include bloodshot eyes, light sensitivity, blotchy rash, fever, cough, runny nose, sore throat, red and watery eyes, and feeling run down and achy. Tiny white spots with bluish-white centers appear inside the mouth two to three days after symptoms begin. Three to five days after the first symptoms, a red or reddish-brown rash appears, usually beginning on the face at the hairline and spreading to the neck, trunk, arms, legs and feet. When the rash appears, the fever may spike to 104 degrees. In a mild to moderate case, fever subsides and the rash fades after a few days. Infected people are most contagious four days before until four days after rash onset.

Complications include severe diarrhea, dehydration, pneumonia, bronchitis, ear infection, loss of hearing, blindness and encephalitis. Severe cases are more common among poorly nourished young children, especially those with insufficient intake of Vitamin A or immune systems weakened by HIV/AIDS or other diseases.

Most measles-related deaths are caused by complications, which are more common in children under 5 and adults over 20. As much as 10 percent of measles cases result in death among populations with malnutrition and a lack of health care. Pregnant women infected with measles are at risk of severe complications, miscarriage or preterm delivery. People who recover from measles are immune for life.

Call your health care provider if you or your child has symptoms of measles. Diagnosis is based on physical examination or a measles blood test. A viral culture may be collected, but this test is rarely done.

Measles is treated with supportive care: plenty of rest, fluids and nutrition. Acetaminophen (Tylenol), bed rest and humidified air may relieve symptoms. Antibiotics may be ordered for an accompanying ear infection or respiratory infection. Some children need Vitamin A supplements to reduce risk of death and complications, usually in less-developed countries where nutrition is poor. Infected adults may require hospitalization.

Measles has been preventable through vaccination since 1963. People who do not have evidence of immunity (not fully vaccinated) are at risk during international travel. The measles vaccine contains live, attenuated measles virus and is highly effective. Taking immune serum globulin six days after exposure to the virus can reduce the risk of infection or lessen severity.

Before traveling abroad, check with your health care provider regarding your vaccination status and that of family traveling with you. Infants six to 11 months old should have one dose of the measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine. Children 12 months or older need two doses separated by at least 28 days. Adolescents or adults who have not had measles or been vaccinated should get two MMR doses separated by at least 28 days.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention created guidelines for measles vaccination; pediatricians explain these guidelines to parents and encourage vaccination for children. Vaccines may have mild side effects. Talk to your health care provider about the risk and benefit of vaccines.

Some parents refuse to vaccinate their children because of unfounded fears that MMR vaccine causes autism. Large studies of thousands of children have found no such connection. Not vaccinating children can lead to outbreaks of measles, mumps and rubella, all of which are serious diseases. The Measles & Rubella Initiative aims to reduce measles mortality by 95 percent by 2015.

The content of this article is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

Introducing

FX Excursions

FX Excursions offers the chance for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in destinations around the world.

#globility

Insta Feed
Daily
Dec 9, 2022

Winter Walking Trips with The Wilderness Group

If your personal travel nirvana involves fabulous scenery and a snappy, reviving hike in bracing winter air, Bannikin Travel & Tourism hopes to make your dreams come true with a selection of new winter walking itineraries in Scotland (other trip options are available in England and Ireland). Here’s what you can look forward to in 2023:

Discover Seoul’s Sustainable Side

Awareness about fair and sustainable travel continues to grow around the globe, with travelers everywhere considering a destination’s eco-friendly options before visiting. As public consciousness for this important aspect of tourism strengthens, tourists also look beyond just ecotourism and delve deeper into types of travel that allow them to respect the local culture, interact with locals and distribute benefits fairly.

Daily
Dec 8, 2022

The Hotel Das Rüebezahl on Tegelberg Mountain

As of November 2022, Rohrkopfhutte (mountain hut) on Germany’s Tegelberg mountain reopened, and the dream view from the terrace, of the castles of Neuschwanstein and Hohenschwangau and the stunning Schwangauer Alpsee, can be seen in the valley below.

December 2022
Dec 8, 2022

Mail Call December 2022

Q&A with Haley Fogarty, Advertising Manager

Crowne Plaza and Holiday Inn Hotels Answer the Call for Business Travelers Seeking Flexibility

As the travel industry finds itself in the midst of the first peak travel season since the beginning of the pandemic, Crowne Plaza® Hotels & Resorts commissioned a survey of more than 1,200 U.S. consumers to learn more about business travel habits, learning 65 percent of Millennials, aged 25–44 years old, and 59 percent of Gen Z, ages 18–24 years old, prefer to work for a company offering frequent travel or flexible blended travel as a perk. Blended travel is the combination of business travel with leisure travel.

Daily
Dec 8, 2022

The Broadmoor’s Annual Gingerbread Display is One Sweet Ride

Wondering what 54,000-plus calories worth of gingerbread looks like? Colorado Springs, Colorado’s, The Broadmoor can show you with its annual gingerbread display, now parked at the resort’s main building mezzanine. Get your holiday engines into drive, as this year, the display isn’t your traditional gingerbread house or building — it’s a vintage car made of gingerbread and chocolate.

eFlyer News
Dec 7, 2022

Six Senses to Open First Australian Property in the Dandenong Ranges

Six Senses recently announced plans to open its first Australian property in Burnham Beeches, a heritage mansion built in 1933 and situated on the 22 hectares of fern glades and forested hills of the Dandenong Ranges. The property lies 24 miles from Melbourne and neighbors Alfred Nicholas Memorial Gardens, one of the country’s finest examples of domestic Art Deco.

Celebrity Cruises’ Spring Sale

There’s no better time to plan the vacation you’ve been missing. Step aboard with your better half, your friends or the whole family and reconnect, reunite and rejoice with 25 percent off cruise fares for all guests. We’ll also help everyone get there with 25 percent off airfare from 20 major gateways across the country or $100 savings per person on flights from all other gateways when you book your air travel using Flights by Celebrity.*

eFlyer News
Dec 7, 2022

Emerald Cruises Expands 2023 Europe River Cruise Lineup

Emerald Cruises adds four additional 2023 sailing dates to three of its most popular river cruise itineraries in response to increased demand from travelers. The cruise line also added two new dates to its Christmas cruise season, taking guests through the Christmas markets of European cities like Budapest and Cologne.