FX Excursions

FX Excursions offers the chance for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in destinations around the world.

Zika Prevention

by Mary Gallagher, RN, MSN, CCRN

Jun 1, 2017
Health

WHILE BABIES AND CHILDREN can be infected with Zika through the bites of two types of mosquitoes, no cases of Zika have been reported as a result of breastfeeding. Because of the benefits, mothers are encouraged to breastfeed even in areas where Zika virus is found.

Common symptoms of Zika include fever, rash, joint pain and red eyes. Symptoms usually go away within a few days to a week. Many people infected with Zika don’t have symptoms. There is no vaccine or medication for the illness.

Birth defects including microcephaly and other problems have been reported in babies born to women infected with Zika. The Zika virus can pass from a woman to her fetus during pregnancy or around the time of birth. The Centers for Disease Control are studying how Zika virus affects pregnancies.

Brazil has seen a large increase in cases of Zika since May 2015. During this outbreak, Brazilian officials reported areas with Zika experienced an increase in the number of babies born with microcephaly, a condition in which a baby’s head is smaller than expected when compared to babies of the same sex and age. Recently, the CDC concluded Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause microcephaly and other severe fetal brain defects.

Pregnancy loss and other pregnancy problems have been reported in women infected with Zika during pregnancy. Zika has been linked with birth defects including eye defects, hearing loss and impaired growth. Some babies infected with Zika before birth may not be born with microcephaly but later experience slowed head growth and develop microcephaly after birth.

However, not all babies whose mothers had Zika during pregnancy are born with health problems. Researchers are working to better understand how common it is for Zika infection during pregnancy to cause problems. Infection with the virus at later times, including around the time of birth or in early childhood, has not been linked to microcephaly.

Microcephaly happens for many reasons, such as genetic conditions, certain infections and toxins. If your child has microcephaly, your health care provider will look for the underlying reason. For about half the children with microcephaly, however, the cause is never discovered. If you have a child with microcephaly, it is unlikely it resulted from Zika if you did not travel during pregnancy to an area with Zika. Although head size reflects brain size, it does not always predict short- or long-term health effects. While some children with microcephaly have seizures, vision or hearing problems and developmental disabilities, others do not experience any health problems.

We do not know how likely it is for Zika to pass from a woman to her fetus during pregnancy or around the time of birth. We do not know whether the timing of the woman’s Zika infection during pregnancy or the severity of her symptoms affect her pregnancy. We do not know the long-term health outcomes for infants and children with Zika infection.

The CDC are developing laboratory tests to diagnose Zika quickly. They study the link between Zika and microcephaly and other developmental delays and update the U.S. Zika Pregnancy Registry daily. The CDC also test different mosquito species to find out whether they carry Zika and advise U.S. travelers returning from areas with outbreaks and support U.S. states and territories already affected by Zika. Finally, the CDC prepare states and Americans with prevention actions in advance of mosquito season.

As parents you can prevent mosquito bites on children. Dress your child in clothing that covers arms and legs. Cover crib, stroller and baby carrier with mosquito netting. Use insect repellent as directed. Do not use on babies younger than 2 months, and do not use products containing oil of lemon eucalyptus or paramenthanediol on children younger than 3 years. Do not apply repellent on a child’s hands, eyes, mouth or irritated or broken skin. Never spray repellent directly on a child’s face; instead, spray it on your hands and apply sparingly, avoiding the eyes and mouth. Control mosquitoes inside and outside your home.

If your child has symptoms, seek medical attention and inform your health care provider if your child has traveled or lived in an area with Zika. Fever of 100.4 degrees or higher in a baby younger than 2 months always requires a medical evaluation.

For protection from Zika when traveling, use EPA-registered insect repellent containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus or paramenthane-diol, or 2-undecanone. Do not spray repellent under clothing. If you use sunscreen, apply sunscreen first and insect repellent second. Used as directed, these repellents are safe and effective for pregnant and breastfeeding women. Spray clothing and gear with permethrin; follow the directions on the bottle and reapply as directed. Do not spray it on your skin.

If your room is not well-screened and air-conditioned, use a bed net when sleeping. Mosquitoes can live indoors and bite at any time, day or night. Bring condoms for protection against pregnancy. Zika can be passed through sex; use condoms during and after travel to protect yourself and your partner. If you are pregnant, use condoms for the rest of your pregnancy. Not having sex eliminates the risk of getting Zika through intercourse.

The content of this article is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. 

Introducing

FX Excursions

FX Excursions offers the chance for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in destinations around the world.

#globility

Insta Feed
Daily
Jun 22, 2021

6 Reasons to Put Panama City, Panama, on Your Travel List

As the vaccine rolls out and travel begins to pick up, it’s time to start dreaming of your next trip. Here’s some destination inspiration for you. Take a visual journey through Panama City with us.

Sports Industry Awards returns to Dubai’s Palm Jumeirah for 8th Edition

The biggest names in the Middle East sporting community will gather for the Sports Industry Awards as the event returns for its eighth edition. SPIA recognizes the achievements of individuals, organizations, facilities and campaigns that contributed to the development of sport in the region.

Daily
Jun 22, 2021

Boca Raton Resort & Club Announces New Partnership

Boca Raton Resort & Club recently announced a new partnership with Major Food Groups, creating one of the best culinary destinations in the United States. Major Food Groups is the company behind some of the hottest restaurants, including Carbone, The Grill and Parm. This partnership will launch multiple dining concepts as part of the resort's $150 million transformation.

Daily
Jun 21, 2021

The Franklin London Launches Afternoon Tea Inspired by Victoria & Albert Museum’s “Alice: Curiouser and Curiouser”

The Franklin London – Starhotels Collezione, located in the heart of Knightsbridge, launched a new afternoon tea inspired by the “Alice: Curiouser and Curiouser” exhibit at the nearby Victoria & Albert Museum. Diners booking the tea also have the option to book an offer including a pre-reserved ticket to the in-demand exhibition.

SPIA 2021 Winners Crowned at Gala Ceremony at W Hotel, Palm Jumeirah

The Sports Industry Awards returned with a bang last night as 200 guests packed the W Hotel Great Ball Room for the gala ceremony.

LGBTQ+
Jun 18, 2021

Show Your Pride with Essentia Cocktails

Pride Month is in full swing and to celebrate the community, make a colorful cocktail everyone will enjoy. These colorful ingredients will get the party started during Pride or any time of the year. Start this recipe the night before to create the rainbow ice cubes.

eFlyer Deals
Jun 16, 2021

Harmony at Hotel San Luis Obispo

Hotel San Luis Obispo partners with Harmony Cellars for the SLO in Harmony offer. The offer includes 15 percent off a two-night stay Sunday–Thursday, a complimentary wine tasting for two at Harmony Cellars, club member discounts at the winery for the day and the opportunity to explore the town of Harmony, California, population of 18 and located 30 miles from San Luis Obispo. Book online.

eFlyer Deals
Jun 16, 2021

Vitamin Sea, D & Me at Westin Resort & Spa Puerto Vallarta

Enjoy additional perks at Westin Resort & Spa Puerto Vallarta, on Mexico’s Pacific Coast, with the Vitamin Sea, D & Me offer. Rates begin at $130 per night, including complimentary breakfast daily, a healthy starter at Arrecifes Restaurant, one poke bowl and one drink at El Palmar Restaurant. The use of one beachside pergola per stay is also included. The offer is valid on stays through Dec. 21, and use code S5706 to book.