FX Excursions

FX Excursions offers the chance for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in destinations around the world.

New CDC Vaccine Guidelines

by Mary Gallagher, RN, MSN, CCRN

Mar 1, 2018
Health

YOU MAY NOT THINK ABOUT diseases as you prepare for your next trip, but your health is at risk in many destinations. To stay safe, make sure you and your family are current on vaccinations. Each year, unvaccinated travelers become infected while in other countries, bringing the disease into the United States and spreading it to others.

Six to eight weeks before any international trip, check the Travelers’ Health section of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website for your destination, related health notices and vaccine recommendations or requirements. The CDC’s TravWell mobile app (free from Google Play and the App Store) also provides destination-specific vaccine recommendations, a travel preparation checklist and a customizable healthy travel packing list. See your health care provider or a travel doctor four to six weeks before travel to discuss where you will travel abroad.

The TravWell app allows you to store travel documents, keep a record of medications and immunizations and set a reminder to get vaccine booster doses or take medications. Other key features include emergency service numbers for every destination and during-travel features accessible offline.

The CDC divide travel vaccinations into three categories: routine, recommended and required. The only vaccine classified as required is the yellow fever vaccination for travel to certain countries in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America. Routine vaccinations are those normally administered during childhood in the United States and include diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, poliomyelitis, hepatitis B, hepatitis A, haemophilus influenzae type b, rotavirus, meningococcus, pneumococcus and human papillomavirus. Make sure you are up to date on these vaccinations and do not require a booster.

Recommended vaccinations protect travelers from illnesses seen in other parts of the world. Your health care provider or travel doctor can determine which vaccines are recommended based on your destination, where you will spend your time (rural versus urban), the season you are traveling, your age, your overall health status and your vaccination history.

Travelers not vaccinated are at risk of contracting measles or pertussis (whooping cough). Outbreaks of these two diseases still occur in countries in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Pacific. Worldwide, about 20 million people get measles a year and about 146,000 people die from the disease. The majority of measles cases enter our country via unvaccinated U.S. residents. Last year’s large multistate outbreak of measles was likely caused by a traveler who got measles while abroad and then visited a California amusement park while infectious.

Measles is highly contagious and spreads to others through coughing and sneezing. It is so contagious, 90 percent of people close to an infected person and not immune become infected. An infected person can also spread measles to others four days before the rash develops. The best way to protect yourself is vaccination.

Pertussis is a contagious disease spread when infected people cough and sneeze near others. Early symptoms are similar to a cold and include runny nose, low fever, mild cough and a pause in breathing for babies. Later symptoms include fits of many rapid coughs followed by a high-pitched “whoop,” vomiting and exhaustion. Pertussis is serious for babies. Among babies younger than 1 year who get pertussis, more than half will be hospitalized and one in 100 will die.

Pertussis occurs in all countries, so all travelers are at risk. Pertussis rates are the highest in developing countries where few people are vaccinated. Babies too young to receive their first three pertussis shots are most at risk. Adults, even those who received pertussis vaccines as children, should be revaccinated with a one-time dose of Tdap vaccine. It is estimated 30–50 million people get pertussis and 300,000 people die from it each year worldwide.

Influenza spreads rapidly throughout the world. The risk for exposure during travel depends on the time of year and destination. In the Northern Hemisphere, flu season begins as early as October and lasts until April or May. In the temperate regions of the Southern Hemisphere, influenza typically occurs April–September. In the tropics, influenza occurs throughout the year.

In the Northern and Southern hemispheres, especially when traveling as part of large groups, such as on cruise ships, you can be exposed to influenza during months that fall outside those listed. Large groups can include people from areas of the world where influenza viruses are circulating. Everyone 6 months and older should get a flu vaccine yearly, preferably in the fall before the U.S. flu season begins. The flu vaccine given in the Northern Hemisphere usually protects against the main viruses that may circulate in other parts of the world.

Check the CDC travel health notices for current health issues related to specific destinations so you can learn of disease outbreaks that may affect your health. Travel medicine clinics in the United Sates include the International Society of Travel Medicine and the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, staffed with infectious disease specialists who may or may not practice travel medicine.

The content of this article is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

Introducing

FX Excursions

FX Excursions offers the chance for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in destinations around the world.

#globility

Insta Feed
Daily
Mar 5, 2021

3 Recipes for Lent from New Orleans’ Top Chefs

The Lenten season continues through April 3. This year, New Orleans’ top chefs share some Lent-friendly recipes for at-home dining.

Adventure Redefined: Volvo Overseas Delivery Program

Are you looking for a truly unique travel experience and considering a new vehicle? The Volvo Overseas Delivery Program is the perfect solution to create your own refined adventure of a lifetime. You can custom order your new Volvo, tailored to fit your needs and desires. They will fly you to Sweden to pick up your Volvo so you can drive and explore Scandinavia and Europe on your terms for up to two weeks.

January/February 2021
Mar 5, 2021

Indulge in the Seductive Splendor Bora Bora

I had just taken off my sandals, stepping onto the white-sand beach for a late-morning walk to a secluded spot I heard about from a front desk clerk, when I glanced down and saw the time on my phone. It had just turned 11 a.m., which meant it was only 7 am back home, the perfect time to call and say good morning to by husband before he left for work. Not quite ready to head back to my room, I decided I’d test the WiFi signal and made the call as I continued walking toward the shoreline.

January/February 2021
Mar 4, 2021

Set Your Sights on San Antonio’s Art, Culture and Green Spaces

San Antonio celebrated 300 years of progress in May 2018. With a clear vision following that anniversary year, the Texan city set its sights firmly on 300 more. While commemorating this milestone, the city underwent a major overhaul to prepare for the next phase in its history.

The Greatest Show on Earth

Step right up to the greatest show on Earth as FXExpress Publications, Global Traveler, trazeetravel.com and whereverfamily.com celebrate their 2020 award winners! Join the big top on Dec. 14 as we virtually award the winners of the 17th annual GT Tested Reader Survey awards, including the Airline and Hotel of the Year; the 17th annual Wines on the Wing Airline Wine Survey; the eighth annual Leisure Lifestyle Awards; the sixth annual The Trazees; and the third annual Wherever Awards.

Daily
Mar 4, 2021

SoJo Spa Club: Tranquility with an Urban View

When you think of a relaxing spa day, mountains, rivers and view of gorgeous landscapes pop in your head; a place to get away from the hustle and bustle of any city’s booming music and honking taxis. SoJo Spa Club and Hotel gives you the relaxing feeling of being away while still staying close to the busy center of Manhattan.

eFlyer Deals
Mar 3, 2021

Mackinac Island’s Grand Hotel’s Reopening Offers

Dance the night away with Grand Hotel’s Ballroom Dance offer, available May 16–18. Dancers of all skill levels will experience a diverse range of ballroom dance styles, alongside daily breakfast and dinner, a welcome reception and complimentary golf green fees.

eFlyer Lead
Mar 3, 2021

4 Travel Experiences for Women’s History Month

March marks Women’s History Month, and there are a number of ways to celebrate through travel. Here are just a few ideas to honor women in history.