FX Excursions

FX Excursions offers the chance for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in destinations around the world.

Salmonellosis

May 1, 2009
2009 / May 2009

Salmonellosis has been in the news due to contamination of some of the U.S. food supply, with the most recent outbreaks connected to peanut butter and products containing peanut butter. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration are collaborating with public health officials in many states to investigate the continuing outbreaks.

The investigation has led to King Nut Companies, a distributor of peanut butter manufactured by the Peanut Corporation of America, and the company has voluntarily recalled 2,850 items. The recall list is published at the FDA Web site (www.fda.gov).

Salmonellosis occurs when the gastrointestinal tract becomes infected with Salmonella bacteria. The disease has been more common over the past 25 years, with an estimated 2–4 million cases occurring in the United States annually. Emergence of the disease worldwide is attributed to changes in international travel and trade, as well as changes in food production systems, demographics and behavior.

Salmonella typically lives in the intestinal tract of animals, including birds and humans, and is shed through feces. Humans generally become infected through contaminated food, such as poultry, meat and eggs. Your risk for infection is higher if you travel to countries with poor sanitation.

Symptoms start with nausea and vomiting and progress to abdominal pains and diarrhea. Additional signs include fever, chills and muscle pains lasting from several days to two weeks. Most healthy individuals recover without specific treatment. In some cases, diarrhea leads to dehydration, requiring medical attention or hospitalization. Life-threatening complications may develop if the infection spreads into the bloodstream. If you have a healthy immune system, you may not feel ill at all; however, you may continue to shed the Salmonella bacteria in your feces and remain contagious for up to a year.

There are more than 2,000 types of Salmonella bacteria, although fewer than a dozen are responsible for most illness in humans. Each strain causes its own typical symptoms.

Gastroenteritis is caused by the S. enteritidis bacterium, which is most often ingested through raw or undercooked meat, poultry, eggs or egg products. This infection also causes blood to appear in the stool.

Enteric fever (typhoid fever) is caused by the S. typhi bacterium and is most commonly contracted through contaminated drinking water. Additional symptoms include constipation, sore throat, cough, headache and mental confusion.

Bacteremia results when Salmonella enters the bloodstream. Infants, the elderly and those with compromised immune systems are at risk. Other complications include sepsis and meningitis (infection of the tissues surrounding the brain and spinal cord).

Humans usually become infected with Salmonella when they eat foods contaminated with animal feces. Salmonella present on raw meat and poultry can survive if the food is not cooked to a minimum safe internal temperature. Foods may also become contaminated when raw meat or poultry comes in contact with other food, or when a food handler’s hands are not washed after using the bathroom. Foods contaminated with Salmonella look, smell and taste normal.

Salmonellosis is contagious, so take precautions to avoid spreading it to others. Prevention is especially important when preparing foods or providing care for infants, older adults and people with compromised immune systems.

If you think you have salmonellosis, seek medical attention. Your doctor will request a stool sample and a blood specimen for analysis. Call your doctor if you have blood in your stool, if there is no improvement after two to five days or if you experience severe vomiting, abdominal pain or dehydration.

In order to reduce salmonellosis, a comprehensive farm-to-table approach to food safety is needed. Farmers, food importers, inspectors, retailers, food service workers, consumers and travelers — all are critical links in the food safety chain. The CDC leads federal efforts to gather data and investigates food-borne illnesses and outbreaks, and monitors the effectiveness of prevention and control while working with food safety regulatory agencies. Visit www.cdc.gov.


Salmonella Safeguards

• Keep eggs refrigerated below 41 degrees. Eggs should not be unrefrigerated for more than two hours.
• Check egg cartons for expiration date. Discard cracked or dirty eggs.
• Cook eggs at least 15 seconds at 145 degrees and eat promptly after cooking.
• Avoid eating raw eggs, as in homemade ice cream or mayonnaise, cookie dough or eggnog.
• Only consume pasteurized eggs and dairy products.
• Send back eggs, meat or poultry in a restaurant if they are not adequately cooked.
• Separate raw meats from other foods in the shopping cart and in the refrigerator.
• Wash your hands before and after handling uncooked foods.
• Thoroughly clean cutting boards, knives and cooking utensils.
• Use paper towels to clean kitchen surfaces.
• Thaw foods in the refrigerator, in cool water or in the microwave — never at room temperature.
• Wash your hands after contact with all animals and birds, including pets.
• Wash your hands before and after bathroom use.
• Wash your hands after handling human or animal feces, including diapers.

Introducing

FX Excursions

FX Excursions offers the chance for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in destinations around the world.

Feature
Feb 21, 2020

New Boeing CEO David Calhoun to Prioritize 737 MAX’s Return to the Skies

Boeing’s new CEO will prioritize bringing the company’s troubled 737 MAX to service for 2020.

Goway Offers Travelers Journey of a Lifetime

Since 1970, Goway Travel has been committed to providing customized travel experiences for world travelers. Few things are better evidence of this commitment than being awarded the 2019 Trazees award for Favorite Tour Operator. Goway Travel heartily thanks the readers of Trazee Travel for this honor and for their confidence in Goway’s work in creating travel memories that’ll last a lifetime.

News
Feb 21, 2020

United Airlines Plans Denver International Airport Expansion

United Airlines recently announced the approval of 24 additional gates at Denver International Airport. United plans to grow its Denver hub from 500 daily flights to as many as 700 by 2025. The additional gates are part of the airport’s $1.5 billion concourse expansion and are planned for Concourses A and B. United will add a new United Club on Concourse A, as well as expand existing United Clubs at the airport.

Daily
Feb 21, 2020

Miami’s Savoy Hotel Reopens Following Renovations

The Savoy Hotel, a historic, Art Deco property originally opened in 1935, recently underwent a multimillion-dollar renovation. Now, the Miami all-suite resort is once again accepting guests.

Earn and Redeem with oneworld

oneworld is an alliance of 13 world-leading airlines committed to providing the highest level of service and connecting you to more than 1,100 destinations around the world.

Feature
Feb 20, 2020

Virginia’s Massanutten Resort Announces Waterpark Expansion

A popular Virginia stay, Massanutten Resort, is getting a big update this summer. The resort originally opened its doors in 2006.

eFlyer News
Feb 20, 2020

Radisson Hotel Group Set to Debut in Khulna, Bangladesh

Radisson Hotel Group recently debuted in Bangladesh’s third-largest city, further entrenching its position in South Asia.

Adventure of a Lifetime with Volvo

Looking for a truly unique travel experience and considering a new vehicle? The Volvo Overseas Delivery Program is the perfect solution to create your own adventure of a lifetime. Volvo allows you to custom order your new automobile tailored to fit your needs and desires. They will fly you to Sweden to pick up your Volvo so you can drive and explore Scandinavia and Europe on your terms for up to two weeks.

eFlyer News
Feb 20, 2020

All Nippon Airways Launches New Sake Collection

All Nippon Airways partnered with a world-class sake sommelier to revamp the selection onboard its flights. The new sake will be available beginning in March.