FX Excursions

FX Excursions offers the chance for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in destinations around the world.

Cellulitis

Jun 1, 2010
2010 / June 2010

Cellulitis is an infection of the skin and the soft tissue underneath, most often caused by bacteria that have entered from a cut, scrape or small crack in the skin. It is a common and, in some cases, potentially serious infection which can lead to hospitalization. Left untreated, the spreading infection can turn life-threatening.

According to the CDC, skin problems are the third-most frequent medical problem reported by returning travelers. It is estimated that each year two to three people per 100 are affected by cellulitis. It affects males and females equally, although a higher incidence of affected males has been recently reported.

Initially, the skin appears as a swollen, pink to red area that feels hot and tender to touch. It may also spread rapidly. Occasionally, red streaks radiate outward on the skin, and blisters or pus-filled bumps may be present. Cellulitis can also cause fever and swollen lymph nodes. Many people with cellulitis complain of feeling run-down or tired. The areas most commonly affected are the lower legs, although it can occur anywhere on your body or face, including your eyes.

Different types of bacteria can cause cellulitis. Most of the time, the offending bacteria are Streptococcus pyogenes, the same type that causes strep throat, and Staphylococcus aureus. Many staph bacteria live on our skin and do not cause any problems, but that is not the case with S. aureus: It is the most common bacteria causing staph infections.

Cellulitis can occur after an injury to the skin, an animal or insect bite, burn, puncture or a surgical wound. Sometimes there is no obvious cause or break in the skin. The chances for cellulitis increase with diabetes, circulatory problems, past surgery or radiation treatment of the legs or arms and chronic athlete’s foot. People with a weakened immune system due to medication or an underlying illness are also at risk. Certain skin disorders such as chicken pox, shingles and eczema cause breaks in the skin and place you at increased risk for cellulitis. It left untreated, cellulitis can develop into bacteremia, a bacterial infection in the blood.

Most cases of cellulitis improve with a single course of antibiotics for 14 days. Initially, the cellulitis may seem to get worse during the first few days of antibiotic therapy. This is because the bacteria release toxins when they are killed off by the antibiotics. If oral antibiotics do not work or if it is a very serious case, intravenous antibiotics may be necessary. Cellulitis used to be relatively easy to treat, but with the emergence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), this is no longer true.

The reddened skin may be a signal of a more serious infection of the inner layers of the skin. Below your skin, the bacteria can spread quickly, entering the bloodstream through your lymph nodes. Repeated episodes of cellulitis can damage the lymphatic system, obstructing drainage and causing chronic swelling of the extremity. In rare instances, the infection can spread to the deep tissue called the fascial lining. Necrotizing fasciitis, also known as flesh-eating strep, is an example of a deep-layer infection. This represents an extreme emergency, and you must get to the nearest emergency room for treatment.

If you believe you have cellulitis, make an appointment to see your healthcare provider as soon as possible. While you are waiting to see your doctor, elevate the area to reduce swelling and apply a cool, moist compress to relieve pain. You need to start treatment with antibiotics to avoid complications. If you have fever and chills or if the cellulitis involves your face or eyes, you should go to the nearest emergency room.

Patients with diabetes should keep their blood sugar under control and speak to their doctors about proper foot care to prevent infection. Keep skin moisturized to prevent cracks and breaks in the skin. Wear shoes that fit well and provide enough room for your feet. Learn how to trim your nails to avoid harming the skin around them to prevent infection.

In most cases, symptoms improve within 24–48 hours of beginning antibiotic treatment. It is important to take the medication as prescribed and finish the entire course of medication, even if you start feeling better. Your doctor will also make sure that any underlying medical problems are being appropriately managed. The prognosis is usually good; but cellulitis can return, especially in individuals with poor circulation, chronic swelling of the legs, or skin that is not intact. Visit www.cdc.gov.

The content of this article is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

Introducing

FX Excursions

FX Excursions offers the chance for once-in-a-lifetime experiences in destinations around the world.

#globility

Insta Feed
eFlyer Reviews
Jun 7, 2023

Singer Palace Hotel Review

The idea of a boutique hotel in the center of Rome’s busiest crossroads may seem counterintuitive, but Singer Palace Hotel pulls off the impossible thanks to its minimalist exteriors, 30 gorgeous one-of-a-kind rooms and suites, smart-but-whimsical décor, simple-yet-elegant Roman cuisine and a stellar mixology-driven rooftop bar. It’s a delightful study in contrasts — a quiet, intimate and plush setting nestled within a maze containing many of Rome’s most noteworthy sites.

What Business Travel Looks Like Now From Those Who Know It Best

Pack your bags, traveling for business is making a comeback — and the role of the corporate travel manager is more important than ever.

eFlyer News
Jun 7, 2023

Uber to Launch Private Chartered Boat Service in Mykonos

Uber app users can now book an Uber Boat in Mykonos this summer to enjoy even more of the Greek island’s beauty. Uber announced the new addition allows up to eight guests to cruise to popular destinations and sites around Mykonos.

eFlyer News
Jun 7, 2023

Breeze Airways Rebrands First-Class Seating, Inaugurates 37 Nonstop Routes

Breeze Airways celebrates summer with the inauguration of 37 new and returning routes and the introduction of a new and elevated onboard experience. The airline also recently flew its inaugural and now longest flight from Rhode Island TF Green International Airport to Los Angeles International Airport.

Business or Leisure? With TAP Air Portugal, You Can Have Both!

Are you looking to enhance your business trip with a little leisure? Look no further than Portugal, a country renowned for its captivating blend of history, culture and natural beauty. And with TAP Air Portugal, you can effortlessly transform your business trip into an unforgettable bleisure adventure. Discover why Portugal and TAP Air Portugal are the perfect combination for an enriching and rejuvenating experience.

eFlyer News
Jun 7, 2023

Hawaiian Airlines Unveils 787 Dreamliners Cabin Design, Leihōkū Suites

Hawaiian Airlines officially gives the world a glimpse into the interior cabin details of its new Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner, bringing guests a new class of premium service. The Leihōkū Suites, meaning garland of stars, features 34 suites, enveloping guests in a peaceful and elegant space with fully lie-flat seating.

Hit the High Notes in Nashville

Nashville’s once-modest skyline continues to evolve as its luxury market grows. Lavish hotel properties are added to the landscape while acclaimed chefs stake claim in the robust culinary scene and premier cultural offerings round out the city’s repertoire.

Daily
Jun 7, 2023

art’otel Brings Boutique, Art-Inspired Hotels to Zagreb, London and Rome

Contemporary lifestyle hotel brand art’otel expands throughout Europe with the launch of three new properties in Zagreb, London’s Hoxton and Rome, all slated to open between fall 2023 and early 2024. These three hotels join the brand’s existing boutique hotels in Berlin, Amsterdam, Cologne and another London property.