For 15 centuries, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia’s largest city, served as the historic gateway to the holy cities of Mecca and Medina, and every year millions of pilgrims flock there. But Jeddah, the kingdom’s second-largest city and only port on the Red Sea, ranks as an important Middle East commercial center, attracting people from all over the world to do business here.
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The capital and largest city in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh is home to more than 5 million people in the heart of the Arabian Peninsula. Once a nomadic settlement, this modern desert city offers visitors plenty of opportunities to explore its blend of old and new. Discover ancient Saudi Arabia in Old Riyadh and browse local souks before exploring the Bedouin desert on a camel ride or practicing the sport of tat’ees (dune driving). A visit to the National Museum provides an escape from the heat as well as an opportunity to explore the country’s rich and diverse history and culture.